There is currently no effective medication against SARS-CoV-2, so that the Corona vaccination is seen as an opportunity to contain the Corona pandemic, in addition to the hygiene and distance rules that continue to apply. Vaccination against the corona virus is voluntary and free of charge – regardless of insurance status. The costs are borne by the federal government.
The order of vaccination is laid down in a legal decree of the Federal Ministry of Health. Since there is not enough vaccine available at the beginning of the vaccinations, prioritisation, especially of the risk groups, is necessary. According to the vaccination ordinance, all persons who can be assigned to the “highest”, “high” and “increased” priority groups are vaccinated first. According to the Federal Ministry of Health, these are the following groups:
First stage: “Highest priority”
– Persons aged 80 and over
– Residents of nursing homes for the elderly and the staff there
– Staff in outpatient care services
– Employees in medical facilities such as intensive care units, emergency rooms, rescue services, as providers of specialised outpatient palliative care, vaccination centres and in areas with infection-relevant activities
– Workers in medical facilities that treat, care for or provide care to people at high risk (such as haemato-oncology and transplant medicine).
Second level: “High priority
– People over 70
– People with trisomy 21, with dementia or mental retardation, people after organ transplantation
– Close contacts of such persons in need of care who are over 70 years of age, have trisomy 21 or an intellectual disability (or dementia), or are at high risk of infection after an organ transplant.
– Close contacts of pregnant women and persons in need of care from the first group
– Persons who work in in-patient facilities for mentally handicapped persons or who regularly treat, look after or care for mentally handicapped persons within the framework of out-patient care services,
– persons working in areas of medical facilities with a high or increased risk of exposure to the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, in particular doctors and other staff with regular patient contact, staff of blood and plasma donation services and in SARS-CoV-2 testing centres
– Police and law enforcement personnel who are at high risk of infection while on duty.
– Persons in public health services and relevant hospital infrastructure positions.
– Persons living or working in refugee and homeless facilities.
Third level: “Increased priority
– Persons over 60 years of age
– People with the following conditions:
– Obesity (body mass index over 30),
– chronic kidney disease,
– chronic liver disease,
– immunodeficiency or HIV infection,
– diabetes mellitus,
– various heart diseases,
– COPD or asthma,
– autoimmune or rheumatic diseases
– Workers in medical facilities with a low risk of exposure (laboratories) and without care for patients with suspected infectious diseases
– Persons in relevant positions in governments, administrations and constitutional bodies, in the armed forces, police, fire brigade, disaster control, technical relief organisation and the judiciary
– Persons in relevant positions in critical infrastructure companies, pharmacies and the pharmaceutical industry, public supply and waste disposal, the food industry, transport, information technology and telecommunications
– Educators and teachers
– Persons with precarious working or living conditions
Citizens who do not belong to any of the above groups will in all likelihood be able to be vaccinated from July 2021. This also depends on how much vaccine will be supplied or whether other vaccines will be approved.